Catheterisation Laboratory (Cath Lab)
Remarkable technology helps make Nilai Medical Centre as one of the top regional choices for heart care.
A cardiac catheterisation lab (Cath Lab) is a special hospital room where doctors perform minimally invasive tests and procedures to diagnose and treat cardiovascular disease. The procedures performed in Cath Lab almost always involve tiny tubes called catheters which can be used to access the heart and blood vessels. Special imaging equipment is used to see your arteries and check how well blood is flowing to and from the heart. This procedure helps doctors to diagnose and treat blockages and other problems in the arteries.
- Coronary Angiogram
- Coronary Angioplasty
- Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty (PTCA) / Stenting
The above is not a complete list of all the services we offered. Please consult one of our qualified healthcare specialists for more information.
What are the risks of cardiac catheterisation?
All medical procedures carry some risk. However, getting a cardiac catheterisation is usually safe. The risks will depend on your overall health and the condition of your heart. Some patients do experience minor problems, such as bruises where the catheter had been inserted. The contrast dye that makes the arteries displayed on x-rays may cause nausea, itchiness or hives for some people. Our consultant will discuss with you the risks specific to your condition during consultation sessions.
What happens during cardiac catheterisation?
At the Cath Lab, you will be given a hospital gown to change into, and you will be transferred to a special table. Our doctor or health professional will prepare an entry point for the catheter, usually at the upper thigh or neck. The area will be cleaned, possibly shaved, and then numbed with a local anaesthetic to prevent any pain during the insertion of the catheter.
Depending on the procedures needed, various instruments may be placed at the tip of the catheter. They include instruments to measure the pressure of blood in each heart chamber and in blood vessels connected to the heart, view the interior of blood vessels, take blood samples from different parts of the heart, or remove a tissue sample from inside the heart.
How long will it take?
The procedure typically takes less than an hour, but you will need to stay in the recovery room afterwards until your sedative has worn off enough for you to go home. Some people may need to be admitted overnight.
What happens after cardiac catheterisation?
You will be admitted to a room to recover. During this time, you may have to lie flat. It is important during this period of time not to bend, strain or lift. Your heartbeat and other vital signs will be checked too. Do report any swelling, pain or bleeding at the puncture site, or if you are experiencing chest pain.
After the procedure, the doctor will discuss the results and on the following treatment plan, if required.
When can i resume to my normal activities?
Most people can return to their normal activities the day after the procedure depending on whether any additional interventions were performed during the cardiac catheterisation procedure.
However, it is recommended to avoid driving for two (2) weeks after your cath procedure or performing any physical exertion i.e. lifting or straining. It is important to take your medications as prescribed by the consultant and make follow up appointments.